is an Austrian politician based in Vienna. In the early 1980s he was the Secretary for Education and Science, later becoming Vice Chancellor and his government’s Commissioner for European enlargement. In 2002 he became Special Coordinator of the Stabilization Pact for South Eastern Euorope. He is the president of the European Alpbach Forum as well as of the Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe in Vienna. Since 1994 he has also been Chancellor of the University of Applied Sciences in Salzburg. He has written a number of books and studies, including 10 Years Southeast European Cooperative Initiative: From Dayton to Brussels and, with Albert Graf von Kalnein, Europe’s Middle East? Bosnia-Hercegovina and the Dayton Agreement in Perspective (Trialogue of Cultures). He has received several honorary doctorates, including one from the Comenius University in Bratislava. In the 1980s he was one of the few Western politicians regularly visiting Bratislava and maintaining contact with proscribed Slovak intellectuals.